Always Ask for the CoA

What is a CoA and Why is it Important?

Education and transparency are vital when evaluating your hemp products.

For better or worse right now, this industry is not regulated by the FDA. That means that the burden of knowing exactly what is in each product is placed on the consumer. At Eleven Acres, we’ll do everything we can to make this easier on you- from providing up-to-date news to always making responsible decisions when creating clean remedies.

What is a CoA?

A CoA is a Certificate of Analysis. Sounds thrilling, right? It’s a long document that details both the cannabinoid and terpene profile of the hemp crop, but also tests for all sorts of impurities. 


Each fall, after hemp is harvested, reputable farms send a sample of their hemp to an independent lab in order to be tested for THC percentages. Under federal law, hemp must contain less than 0.3% THC to be legal for sale. (Keep in mind, if there is hemp that tests at 0.4% or 0.5%, you still wouldn’t want to smoke it. Marijuana usually contains 10-20% THC).


Labs can also run a full panel of tests for residual pesticides, herbicides, solvents, VOCs and microbial contaminants. Hemp is an incredible plant, and one of the things that makes it so dynamic is that it’s a ‘bioaccumulator’ - meaning that it absorbs and holds on to all the elements in its soil. Healthy soil can produce a healthy plant. But as the saying goes, ‘garbage in, garbage out’. If a field is still holding on to the cancerous glyphosate found in toxic Round-Up, this chemical can show up in your CBD, even if Round-Up has never been directly sprayed on the hemp plant. 


A COA will tell the farmers if there is anything of concern in their hemp plants before turning that plant into a product. You’ll see that also referred to as ‘Batch Testing’. Some states now require that every CBD product label has a QR Code that links back to this batch test. Eleven Acres products contain this QR Code, and you can also find a link to our batch testing on every product page. 

A Quick Tutorial on How to Read a CoA:

When looking at the cannabinoid profile, you’ll most likely see high %s of CBD and low %s of THC. 

COA from ProVerde

Terpene profiles will be a bit more varied. Our Eleven Acres hemp is relatively high in Beta-Caryophyllene, which is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties.

Terpene profile.

Just make sure that as you scan The Bad list- everything says ND (none detected) and Pass.


The Good:

Independent third party testing will give you a snapshot of the cannabinoid and terpene profile in the hemp. Access to this information is great if you know a certain blend works best for your ailments.

There is a lot of research in the works and this will provide everyone with more clarity regarding the benefits of one hemp profile over another.

The Bad:
We don’t want to frighten you, but there are a lot of nasty things that can be absorbed by hemp. This is great if you want to purify the soil, but it’s not great if you are putting the hemp into your body.

Pesticides: While hemp is naturally pest-resistant, it will still absorb pesticides living in the soil.  Pesticides in the test panel include Abamectin, Azoxystrobin, Bifenazate and about a dozen more that most people have never heard of. It truly is an education process to learn how many chemicals can eek their way into our food supply…

Pesticide profile

Herbicides:  Similar to pesticides, herbicides can remain in soil long after the original crop was planted. So even if a hemp plant is grown using organic methods, it’s super important that the soil is free from all this nastiness before planting hemp.

VOCs: Gasses emitted from organic compounds are known to cause health issues, like Acetane and Butane.

Microbial Contaminants include bacteria, coliform, bile, yeast and mold.

Pathogenic Contaminants include e. Coli and Salmonella.

Heavy Metals include Arsenic, Cadmium, Mercury and Lead

Metal profile


If a company refuses or is reluctant to provide a COA, look elsewhere!